Three different climate zones provide a vast range of vegetation types which change dramatically while descending from Ibarra to Salinas. This will be experienced during the Chaski Antawa’s route. The first zone shows typical Andean vegetation, with lots of artisan agrarian plantations and mid sized threes as algarrobos, higuerillas, chilcas and nogales among others. The second zone which has a dry weather shows a vast vegetation of cactus including tunas, agave, pencas and others. Finally, the third zone with its subtropical climate, has a huge vegetation of carrizo, cholán, tupirrosa, espino chivo, and specially shows vast sugar cane plantations. Some of the vegetation that can be found along the route:

  • Algarrobos (Prosopis inermes)
  • Pencas (Agave americano)
  • Higuerilla (Ricinos comunis)
  • Chilca (Baccharis sp.)
  • Carrizo (Arundo donax)
  • Espinos (Acacia macracantha)
  • Cholán (Tecoma stans)
  • Tuna (Opuntia tuna)
  • Tupirrosa (Lantana rugulosa)
  • Espino chivo (Durantha triacantha)
  • Mosquera (Croton wagnerii)
  • Cabuya blanca (Fourcroya andina)
  • Cabuya negra (Agave americano)
  • Nogal (Juglans neotropica)


More than twenty different animal species inhabit the Chaski Route and will fly next to the train during the trip. Some other mammals, insects, birds and many other animals can be observed all along the route. Some of the animals that can be observed along the route

  • Birds:
    • Eared Dove (Zenaida auriculata)          
    • American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)
    • Common Ground Dove (Columbina passerina)
    • Rufous-collared Sparrow (Zonotrichia capensis)
    • Black vulture (Coragyps atratus)
    • Owl
    • Yellow Grosbeak (Pheucticus chrysopeplus)
    • Brown-bellied Swallow (Notiochelidon murina)
    • Vermilion Flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus)
  • Mammals
    • Forest Rabbit (Sylvilagus brasiliensis)
    • Mountain cat
    • Molina’s Hog-nosed skunk (Conepatus chinga)
    • White-eared oposum (Didelphys albiventris)
    • Chucuris (Mustela frenata)
    • Nine-banded Armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)
    • Andean fox (Pseudalopex culpaeus)
    • Squirrel (Sciurus granatensis)
    • Mice
    • Bat (Myotis natteren)
  • Others
    • Insects
    • Lizards